Causes of Fibromyalgia.

The exact cause of FMS is yet to be decided. Commonly it is thought to be related to abnormal brain activity and an imbalance in certain chemicals as well as abnormalities in the way the body processes pain signals (a neurological condition). The way I describe it is, if you touch something hot your brain instantly receives a message from the nerves in your finger and therefore you feel pain. In FMS the pain signals are sent to your brain even when there is nothing to cause it. Unfortunately the signals are recurrent and unpredictable.The abnormal response by the brain and spinal cord is thought to be as a result of a traumatic or stressful event in life i.e. an infection or injury, surgery, giving birth or stress of losing a loved one either through divorce, death or similar.

There are some theories that disturbed sleep patterns may be a causative factor rather than just a symptom. A study in 2014 found that, in older adults, non restorative sleep led to increased pain and the onset of fibromyalgia symptoms. 

Genetics may also play a part This paper provides good evidence that genetics play a part but suggests there are a number of factors which also contribute to the condition.

Historically, fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) was thought of as a rheumatic condition, then a soft tissue condition. In fact the world health organisation still classify it as such?????. Now there is growing acceptance that it is a neurological condition which can affect any part of the body.  unfortunately, these mixed messages have confused the situation, therefore some health care professionals have not yet made up their minds or have fixed / out dated ideas.

NHS CHOICES is a website designed to give good evidence based information about health topics. There is now growing acceptance within the NHS now that FMS is a neurological condition. The link to their leaflet is:   The leaflets on this website are fully evidence based, giving information on a range of health topics.

The evidence that fibromyalgia Syndrome(FMS) is a neurological condition is out there. Unfortunately there isn't enough evidence yet to convince many health care professionals, but the time will come, I'm sure of that!  This article by Weber C, 2015. Fibromyalgia Has Central Nervous System Origins. American pain society is encouraging and convincing. There are other pieces of evidence which I have set links to on my first page. Here you will find more evidence of neurological cause - Üçeyler N(2013)

There are also new trials and research being undertaken as we speak, you can find the information about these by clicking on the link or by copying it in your browser.